Casting a ballot online seems simple in concept.

But the risks of implementation are still very high, said Anja Wyden Guelpa, Geneva State Chancellor in Sweden.

“The risks and countermeasures in Internet voting differ radically to what they are in electronic polling at polling stations,” Wyden Guelpa said. Ballots, she said, must be recorded, stored and counted correctly. This creates an problem with Internet votes because humans have access to online data, even if encrypted. “We must protect our data as it runs through the [voting] system.”

In Geneva, the government created an online voting technology, currently in test mode, that has successfully given people the ability to cast their ballot online. “We have a lot of other countries who are coming to Geneva to see our system,” she said to a question of whether the voting system could be licensed. “It’s a system that could be used in many places.”

Tom Wilkey, Executive Director of the U.S. Election Assistance Commission, said America is moving forward with online measures related to the elections process, but still, online voting is years away. Citizens can register to vote online in four U.S. states, he said, and that technology is catching on quickly but its use is “dependent upon local jurisdiction to be able to fund it.”

Wilkey also said some county registrars are jumping headfirst into social media. He suggested people visit www.lavote.net and www.ocvote.com for two locations – Los Angeles and Orange County, respectively – that are active in social media.

The homepage for LAVote.net

Other takeaways:

-ICT/IT created approximately 5 percent of global GDP growth between 2003 and 2008, according to Danilo Broggi, CEP of Consip S.p.A., Italy. This figure is expected to reach nearly 9 percent by 202o.

-The top 5 countries that invested in ICT: Switzerland, Sweden, Singapore, U.S.A., Germany.

-“The advent of the cloud is clearly apparent. It really can be an enabler for transformation.” -Jean-Francois Junger, Head of Sector ICT for Government and Public Relations.